From the Abode of Islam to the Turkish Vatan: The Making of a National Homeland in Turkey
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Trump survived scandals and threats to his presidency. His latest problem could be more challenging. From Bolsonaro to Sisi to Erdogan, the early speaking lineup at the U. General Assembly is replete with autocratic leaders. Turkey differs with its allies on which opposition forces to support in Syria, a thorny issue further complicated by the emergence of ISIL.
Former U. Despite these statements, radicals in Syria have regularly received military supplies from Saudi Arabia and Qatar via Turkey, with the full knowledge of the CIA. A flag of Kurdish workers Party PKK hangs on a barricade as armed kurdish militants man a barricade, on November 18, in the Sur district of Diyarbakir. The phrase triggered a storm that recalled her memorable swearing-in 24 years ago when she also spoke the language that was then still taboo in public. Since the beginning of the Arab Spring in , Ankara has done everything in its power to topple Assad.
In Egypt, Saudi Arabia openly supported the coup against Mohamed Morsi, partly out of a wish to counteract the influence of the Muslim Brotherhood-affiliated Sahwa al-Islamiyya Islamic Awakening , which also has a presence in Saudi Arabia.
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While the Muslim Brotherhood was an important part of the opposition to Assad in , the ensuing civil war soon brought radical Salafist groups to the forefront. Across the Middle East, Brotherhood-affiliated parties that four years ago seemed poised to become counterparts to the AKP are now on the ropes. They have given way to radical Salafist groups — influenced by the Saudi-bred ideology of Wahhabism — that amass power undemocratically, through violence.
In the competition for prestige between the Sunni-majority nations of the Middle East, Turkey has lost ground to Saudi Arabia and its Wahhabi ideology — the most radical proponent of this ideology being ISIL itself. Ankara has adapted its rhetoric to this changing landscape. Though Turkey calls ISIL a terrorist organization, it never misses a chance to point to the fact that the plight of Iraqi and Syrian Sunnis contributes to its presence in the region.
Sunnis oppressed by the Shiite government in Baghdad and by the Assad regime in Damascus, so the argument goes, come to see ISIL as their only hope for salvation. Photo by EPA.
German-Turkish relations and political Islam
Treasury Department said that the Assad regime — which is supported by Russia — has been buying oil from ISIL, and imposed sanctions on the Syrian, Cypriot, and Russian businessmen allegedly at the center of the oil trade between Damascus and the Islamic State. Recently U. According to their reports, the criminal activity takes place with the tacit consent of local security forces, who are bribed to look the other way.
We have no way of knowing if a wounded person belongs to ISIL. Things took a serious turn for the worse in June, when ISIL began using Turkish citizens to carry out suicide bombings on Turkish soil. Protesters hold placards that read 'We know the killer' as Turkish riot police block the road on October 13, in Istanbul, during a demonstration against the deadly attacks in Ankara.
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Not surprisingly, Turkish society has failed to unite in the aftermath of these deadly attacks. If the Turkish government resolves to take a tougher stance against ISIL, how will the group retaliate? Given the havoc ISIL was able to wreak in Paris, thousands of kilometers away, it could turn neighboring Turkey into a war zone.
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Whatever the future holds for Turkey, there is little doubt that its leadership is anxiously brooding over how to untangle itself from ISIL. This article was updated to correct the death toll of the Ankara bomb attacks from to Log in to access content and manage your profile. To include a comma in your tag, surround the tag with double quotes. Please enable cookies in your browser to get the full Trove experience. Skip to content Skip to search. Ozkan, Behlul. Published Cumberland : Yale University Press, Language English.
Author Ozkan, Behlul.
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Medium [electronic resource] Physical Description 1 online resource p. Subjects National characteristics, Turkish. Nationalism -- Turkey -- History. Turkey -- Boundaries -- History. Turkey -- Foreign relations. Turkey -- History -- 20th century. Turkey -- History -- Ottoman Empire, Notes Description based upon print version of record. ProQuest Ebook Central Rental.